LIVE CITES - Final Decisions on Animal Welfare
- By chapteranimals
- On 29/08/2019
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) has just ended. It is time for our association to recap the - rather positive - measures taken for the protection of endangered species. Export ban on African baby elephants, change of appendix for otters prohibiting trade, change of appendix for giraffe monitoring trade, important surveillance for vulture, lion or cheetah, entry into the convention of many species underwater...
LIVES CITES - FINAL DECISIONS :
Chapter Animals has already published the decisions made about African elephants, giraffes and otters, we will not go over them. Let's recap quickly:
- African elephants (Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Kenya, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, Syrian Arab Republic, Sudan, and Togo / Zambia / Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe): African elephants can no longer be exported abroad; Zambia wanted to move its elephant population from Appendix I to II, allowing its trade, which was refused; the four African countries with their elephant populations in Annex II wanted to reduce the protection of elephants for the ivory trade, which was also denied.
- Giraffes (Kenya, Mali, Niger, Central African Republic, Senegal and Chad): giraffe populations are now included in Appendix II. This does not prohibit hunting and trade, but will allow them to be watched closely.
- Asian otters (Bangladesh, India, Nepal and the Philippines): otter populations are moving from Appendix II to Appendix I. Their trade and hunting are now prohibited.
- Southern black / white rhinos (South Africa, Eswatini, Nambia): The quota for South African trophy hunts is increasing. It goes from 6 to 9. This decision was supported by the U.E or the United States. On the other hand, Nambie's decision to increase its southern white rhinoceros population from Appendix I to Appendix II, allowing the opening of trophy hunting, was rejected. Also rejected, that of Eswatini to remove the rating of Schedule II from its population, with a quota of zero, to allow to resume the hunt.
- Saiga (United States and Mongolia): The decision to transfer the Saiga population from Appendix II to Appendix I was also rejected. However, despite its Annex II, its hunting and catching quota is zero. A victory.
- Crowned Cranes (Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire and Senegal): The crowned crane is one of the (many) species that now benefit from its entry into CITES Appendix II. Annex II allows hunting and capture of the species, but with precise quotas.
- African Vultures : the vulture does not benefit from an entry to CITES but its population decreases by poaching and for traditional medicine, a process will be launched to monitor populations and strengthen their protection in a more or less near future.
- Crocodiles (Mexico) : The decision to transfer the population of Mexico from Appendix I to Appendix II was rejected. Mexico wanted to set up ranching centers for leather and crocodile meat.
- Big cats from Africa (South Africa, Namibia): A process will be launched to monitor leopard and cheetah populations, to enhance their protection and the impact of traffic on their conservation, including via trophy hunts . If these two species are included in Appendix I, banning trade and hunting, some African countries have managed to move their populations under a different schedule. A similar process will be pursued to monitor lions for canned hunting.
- Maritime life : Mako sharks, porbeagle sharks and sea cucumbers have benefited from an entry in CITES Appendix II. Too long neglected, life under the sea will now benefit from better protection.