There are many problems with keeping wild (non-domestic) animals in the law. First, the list of animals. Only the following animals can be presented in French circuses: hippos - amphibians, dwarfs -, giraffes, felids - lions, tigers, pumas, panthers -, ursids - brown and black bears -, raptors, macaques, baboons, sea lions mane, California sea lions, African fur seals, elephants - African, Asian -, zebras, ostriches, psittacidae - macaws, cockatoo, parakeets, Gabon gray -, reptiles - python, king python, boa constrictor, Nile crocodile, Mississippi alligator. Some establishments even have animals that are not part of this list: wallabies, penguins, hyenas.
Now you have to update this list. Many species are no longer found in French circuses. This is the case of giraffes, cougars, panthers, male elephants, bears, raptors, crocodiles and alligators. Sea lions are only present when a family of trainers is engaged. In France, there are only two hippos left (one male and one female), three African elephants and five Asians (one of which is no longer roaming). We are slowly approaching the end of elephants in French circuses, if not through trainers. It would therefore be necessary to change the 2011 decree in order to update it. We would adjust, pending a potential law, the list of species present removing those that are no longer present. At the same time, the last two circus hippos could be bought by the government and placed in a shelter, which would also remove this animal from the order.
For each species, there are mandatory requirements (relaxation cage, swimming pool, square meter per individual). But it is not uncommon for circuses to ignore it. Many establishments do not set up cages for big cats, do not offer adequate spaces for zebras, do not set up swimming pools for tigers ... Already that the standards are relatively low for circus animals, if the establishments do not not respect them, it's not surprising to see so many animals suffering from behavioral problems. And the lack of control does not help! Chapter Animals offers each mayor, with whom the association make contact, to systematically send a veterinary check on site to check the condition of the animals.
Although most animals were born in captivity over several generations, can itinerant life really meet their needs? We ignore it. They can never tell us. An artist, man or woman, has decided to live this life. An animal has no choice. It is not uncommon for animals in cramped enclosures to be unable to move - no, taking three steps is not moving. Some are bored, others may suffer from isolation or, conversely, from too many individuals.
We also ignore the fate of these animals, once too old for performances. If many circuses boast of having several hectares of land, rare are the animals that end their lives there. Some big cats are sent to zoological parks, elephants too. The servants on farms (cows, horses, zebus). It is not uncommon to find on classified ads sites selling camelids or circus equines. A far too uncertain future, despite all the love that its owner can offer him.
A wild animal can be violent at any time. Pets can do it, so imagine how unpredictable a lion, elephant or baboon can be. Whether during visits to menageries and city parades, where proximity to the public is closest, and even during performances. Only representations of wild animals are caged. If an elephant or a hippopotamus decides to charge, nothing will prevent it and the victims could be numerous.
In itself, the real problem is mainly related to public safety and animal welfare. How to prevent an animal from attacking a man? What are the old people doing? Why acquire new species? Why not install the bare minimum to guarantee animal welfare? Chapter Animals can help circuses in difficulty or no longer wanting animals. We are for dialogue.